fire40Fire:
Field Security: 0828281043

HR: 083 775 4409
Rangers: 082 802 5894

mamba75Snakes:
John Webb 0797785359 
Field Security 0828281043

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Bat basics:

Two groups in South Africa: the bigger fruit bats and the smaller insect eating bats.

Fruit bats are never found in roofs.  They have a good sense of smell and big eyes and have excellent eyesight. They have no tail.   Insect-eating bats have strange face structures that help them navigate by using sound (echo-location).   They all have tails.   There are no vampire bats in Africa.

There is a very high death rate among young bats, especially as they have to learn the skills to fly. Only one baby is born per year.  Most bats live in stable colonies and many retain life-long bonds with their mothers.

Insect eating bats save energy when food supplies are low by hibernating. Many insect bats have to warm up slowly throughout the afternoon to be ready to fly in the evening. So, disturbing a hibernating bat can cost it its life, as an emergency rapid warming up can cost it 8-30 days of fat reserve. If a bat is found, place it in a shoe box with a cloth and release at night from a high ledge or second storey sill. (It may not fly immediately as it may need to warm up first.) Do not throw it into the air. Never stretch out a bat’s wings or hold it up by the wing tips; this distresses the bat and can result in broken bones.

Bats are clean animals and carry few parasites. None of these transfer to humans and they carry no disease. True rabies has never been found in a bat in South Africa. There is a popular belief that bat droppings carry a disease deadly to humans. This is an exaggerated belief. The disease, histoplasmosis, is caused by the spores of a fungus that grows in bird and bat droppings in enclosed damp areas. In South Africa it has been identified in the Cape and the Highveld. People who breathe in the spores may have mild flu-like symptoms. In 1-100,000 people it can develop into a serious disease. Histoplasmosis has never been found in dry bat guano in houses.  

Insect eating bats rid us of tons of night-flying insects, including mosquitoes. Fruit bats eat fruit and spit out the seeds. It has been estimated that 95% of new trees in tropical rainforests are as a result of bat seed distribution.

 

Ter verdediging van vlermuise

Ons land se vlermuise word in twee groepe verdeel: die groter vrugte-etende vlermuise en die kleiner insekte-etendes van die orde Chiroptera.

Vrugtevlermuise word nooit onder dakke aangetref nie. Die vrugtevlermuis se reuksintuig is hoogs ontwikkel en sy groot oë help hom om baie goed te sien. Hy het nie 'n stert nie. Insekte-etende vlermuise het eienaardige gesigvorms wat hulle in staat stel om hul rigting te vind deur klankuitstraling (eggo-plekbepaling). Hulle het almal sterte. Daar is geen bloedsuiende vampiere in Afrika nie.

Die vrektesyfer onder jong vlermuise is hoog, veral daaraan toe te skryf dat hulle die kuns om te vlieg moet aanleer. Slegs een kleintjie word per jaar gebore. Die meeste vlermuise lewe in stabiele kolonies en baie van hulle behou 'n lewenslange band met hul moeders.

Insekte-etende vlermuise bespaar energie in tye wanneer voedsel skaars is deur tot 'n staat  van oorwintering oor te gaan. Baie van hierdie soort vlermuise moet geleidelik opwarm tydens die duur van die middag om hulle vir die aand se vlieëry liggaamlik voor te berei. Om 'n vlermuis derhalwe te versteur tydens sy oorwinteringsproses kan sy lewe kos, aangesien 'n versnelde noodopwarmingproses tussen 8 en 30 dae se vetreserwes kan opgebruik.

In gevalle waar u op 'n vlermuis afkom, kan u dit snags uit 'n skoendoos met 'n warm bedekking vrylaat vanaf 'n uitsigpunt, soos 'n rotslys of die tweede verdieping van 'n huis. (Dit sal moontlik nie onmiddellik vlieg nie, aangesien dit nog nie opgewarm het nie.) Moenie die vlermuis in die lug opgooi nie. Moet nooit 'n vlermuis se vlerke uitrek nie of dit aan die vlerkpunte vashou nie — dit ontstel die vlermuis en kan veroorsaak dat daar beenbreuke ontstaan.

Our vision

hrOur vision is to support and assist the Nkomazi Municipality Conservation Department within Marloth Park with their management strategies and objectives while being an effective volunteer group. 
Read a brief  History of Honorary Rangers and the Conservancy

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